Serving Wine: For perfect enjoyment
Neither does red wine need to have room temperature, nor should one drink wine ice cold. It all depends on the character of the wine. For perfectly serving a wine or just to enjoy it on your own, two aspects should especially be taken into consideration. On the one hand, this is the serving temperature and on the other, whether and how a wine needs to be decanted. There is no ideal way of doing this, but some general rules have established nevertheless.
Correctly Tempering Red Wine
Many still know the old rule that a red wine needs to have room temperature in order to reveal its full taste. Averagely, room temperature is 20 degrees – this is simply too warm, even the most exceptional wine cannot handle this. For a grand red wine, 18 degrees are enough, younger and more fruit dominated representatives are their best between 14 and 16 degrees. The rule of thumb is that the tannin content determines the serving temperature - the more a wine has, the warmer it can be enjoyed; the less the cooler it should be. A fruity up to light red wine can therefore be enjoyed at only 12 degrees. Solely fridge temperature should be avoided as the bouquet is hardly noticeable then. If you like your wine cool, a rosé is more often than not the better choice.
White Wine Has a Wide Spectrum
There are white wines that should not be cooled down to much, but rather be enjoyed at temperatures around 16 degrees. Especially full-bodied wines that are demanding due to their development in wooden barrels not only tolerate this warmth, it is even essential for them as they need the temperature to reveal their true taste. Mostly, these are wines of the grape variety Chardonnay, but depending on the development other white wines can fall into this category, too. Gourmets serve wines that have been developed in steel tanks, often Sauvignon or Chenin Blanc, considerably cooler. Between 8 and 12 degrees are appropriate; personal preferences define the exact temperature. If you mostly enjoy the tanginess, you would want to drink your wine cooler than someone who prefers fruit dominated wines with a full bouquet.